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Democracy in Africa : Progress and Resistance

Since the beginning of the 1990s, Africa has experienced a new phase
of democratic transition. In most African countries this process has led
to the adoption of new constitutions, establishing a democratic system
whose fundamental features are the acceptance of pluralism, of political
opposition and the guarantee of fundamental rights and liberties. This
democratic renewal has also been characterized by the gradual establishment
of the rule of law and the organization of competitive elections
opening the way to a real political alternative in several countries. Significant
progress has been made in numerous African countries, yet there
are still many obstacles. There have been ill-prepared or rigged elections
which have led to violence and have put a halt to the democratic
process and the dialogue between the different political actors. In order
to stay in power, certain heads of State have modified the constitution or
misused some institutions (notably the Parliament), thereby calling into
question the principle of the separation of powers. In addition, the persistence
of armed conflicts and the resurgence of coups d’état in certain
countries have undermined the democratic transition.


Référence électonique : Babacar GUÈYE, "Democracy in Africa : Progress and Resistance", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°129, 129 - La démocratie en Afrique, p.5-26 . Consulté le 2022-11-27 06:45:25 . URL : https://www.revue-pouvoirs.fr/Democracy-in-Africa-Progress-and.html