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Laicism From the Third Republic to the Fifth Republic

The tension between a liberal and a more militant understanding of
laicism is at the core of the construction of laicism in France. The law of
1905 represented a liberal legacy from the Third Republic. It represents
neither the beginning nor the end of the history of laicism. The Fifth
Republic inherited this complex legacy. The great crises it has experienced
have shown the central role played in France by education : the
school appears like a space that should be protected from any religious
presence, even if this challenges the freedom of religious expression
recognized in the rest of the public sphere. In addition, the liberal
conception of laicism is being questioned today, although without
any judicial consequences, by certain speeches of President Nicolas
Sarkozy who has invited the State to abandon its “lack of interest” for
religious beliefs, although such a lack of interest is inherent to the very
liberal “neutrality” required by the law of 1905.

français

Référence électonique : Géraldine MUHLMANN, Claire ZALC, "Laicism From the Third Republic to the Fifth Republic", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°126, 126 - La Ve République, p.101-114 . Consulté le 2021-10-25 12:36:27 . URL : https://www.revue-pouvoirs.fr/Laicism-From-the-Third-Republic-to.html