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The Future Past of the Separation of Powers

Applied to Montesquieu’s doctrine, the category “separation of powers”
means three things : a distinction between constitutional functions and
two different rules – balance and separation of powers in the strict
meaning of the term – in order to distribute them between the various
constitutional organs. Using this analytical framework, this paper notes
that, according to Montesquieu, only the judiciary should be separated
from the other powers, on the condition its functions be attributed to
jurors rather than permanent judges. Moreover, the paper demonstrates
that the historical time of the separation of powers – the age of the
legislative state, as opposed to the constitutional state – is suspended
between a past and a future when not only have the legislative and executive
branches always balanced each other, but also when judges have
always participated to the production of the law.


Référence électonique : Mauro BARBERIS, "The Future Past of the Separation of Powers", Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques, n°143, 143 - La séparation des pouvoirs, p.5-15 . Consulté le 2021-10-21 17:42:01 . URL : https://www.revue-pouvoirs.fr/The-Future-Past-of-the-Separation.html